Land Rover Discovery Owners & Service Manuals

Land Rover Discovery: Adhesives and Sealants

Many adhesives and sealants are highly flammable - OBSERVE NO SMOKING POLICY. These items, should be stored in flameproof cabinets in No Smoking areas. Cleanliness and tidiness in use should be observed, for example disposable paper covering benches. All adhesives and sealants should be dispensed from applicators where possible; containers, including secondary containers, should be labelled appropriately.


Many are irritant, sensitizing or harmful to the skin and respiratory tract.

Some are eye irritants.

Skin and eye contact should be avoided and the manufacturer's instructions followed.

Cyanoacrylate adhesives (super-glues) MUST NOT contact the skin or eyes.

If skin or eye tissue is bonded, cover with a clean moist pad and SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION. Do not attempt to pull skin tissue apart. Use in well ventilated areas as vapors can cause irritation to the nose and eyes.

For two-pack systems see Resin-based and Isocyanate Adhesives/Sealers.


Follow manufacturers instructions.


Those based on polymer emulsions and rubber/latex may contain small amounts of volatile, toxic and harmful chemicals. Skin and eye contact should be avoided and adequate ventilation provided during use.


In the solid state, they are safe. In the molten state they may cause burns and health hazards may arise from the inhalation of toxic fumes.

Use appropriate protective clothing and a thermostatically controlled heater with a thermal cut-out and adequate extraction.


Mixing should be carried out in well ventilated areas as harmful or toxic volatile chemicals may be released.

Skin contact with uncured resins and hardeners can result in irritation, dermatitis, and absorption of toxic or harmful chemicals through the skin.

Splashes can damage the eyes.

Provide adequate ventilation and avoid skin and eye contact.


See also Resin-based Adhesives

Individuals suffering from asthma or respiratory allergies should not work with or near these materials as sensitivity reactions can occur.

Over exposure is irritating to the eyes and respiratory system. Excessive concentrations may produce effects on the nervous system including drowsiness. In extreme cases, loss of consciousness may result. Long term exposure to vapour concentrations may result in adverse health effects.

Prolonged contact with the skin may lead to skin irritation and in some cases, dermatitis.

Splashes entering the eye will cause discomfort and possible damage.

Any spraying should preferably be carried out in ventilated booths which incorporate facilities for removing vapors and spray droplets from the breathing zone.

Wear appropriate gloves, eye and respiratory protection.


May be flammable when undiluted.

Vapors may be given off from coolant antifreeze when heated. Avoid breathing these vapors.

Antifreeze may be absorbed through the skin in toxic or harmful quantities.

Antifreeze, if swallowed, can be fatal; SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION.


See also Alkalis and Acids.

Gases released during battery charging are explosive. Always remove the battery from the vehicle prior to charging. Never use naked flames or allow sparks near charging or recently charged batteries. NEVER add acid to a battery, the chemical reaction produced will be violent and explosive. In cases of eye contact, wash affected area with copious amounts of water and SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION.

Make sure there is adequate ventilation during battery charging, observe NO SMOKING POLICY.


Always fit the correct grade and specification of brake pads and linings.

When renewing pads and linings, always replace as complete axle sets.


Splashes to the skin and eyes are irritating and in the long term can be damaging, avoid prolonged skin contact. In cases of eye contact, wash affected area with copious amounts of water and SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION.


     Chemical Materials

    All chemical materials should always be used with caution and stored and handled with care. They may be toxic, harmful, corrosive, irritant or highly flammable and give rise to hazardous fumes and dus

     Electrical Equipment

    Electric shock can result from the use of faulty electrical equipment or from the misuse of equipment in good condition. Make sure that electrical equipment is maintained in good condition and freque

     First Aid

    Apart from meeting any legal requirements it is desirable for someone in the workshop to be trained in First Aid procedures. Splashes in the eye should be flushed carefully with clean water for at le


     Four-wheel Drive Systems - Vehicles With- Active Driveline - Operation

    OPERATION POWER TRANSFER UNIT (PTU) The Active Driveline Power Transfer Unit (PTU) input shaft is driven directly from the transmission differential. When the hydraulically operated triple cone synchroniser is in the disengaged position (B in the following illustration), the crown wheel shaft and th

     Electric parking brake (EPB)

    Do not rely on the Electric Parking Brake (EPB) to hold the vehicle stationary if the brake warning lamp is illuminated or the EPB warning lamp is flashing. Seek qualified assistance urgently The EPB system operates on the rear wheels; therefore, secure parking of the vehicle is dependent on being o

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