Land Rover Discovery Owners & Service Manuals

Land Rover Discovery: Legal Compliance

Some sites may have a discharge consent for effluent discharge to the foul drain for a car wash etc. It is essential to know the types of effluent which are allowed to be discharged into the drain and to check the results of any monitoring carried out by the Water Company.

Where paint spraying operations are carried out it may be necessary to apply to the Local Authority for an air emissions licence to operate the plant. If such a licence is necessary, additional precautions will be necessary to comply with the requirements and the results of any air quality monitoring must be checked regularly.

Checklist

Always adhere to the following:

  • Know what legal consents and licences apply to the operations.
  • Check that the emissions and discharges comply with legal requirements.

WASTE MANAGEMENT

Pollution can be reduced by careful handling, storage and disposal of all waste materials that occur on sites. Legislation makes it illegal to dispose of waste materials other than to licensed waste carriers and disposal sites.

This means that it is necessary to not only know what the waste materials are but also to have the necessary documentation and licences.

Handling and storage of waste

Ensure that waste materials are not poured down the drain or on to soil and are stored in such a way that they do not escape on to land or soil.

All waste must be segregated into individual types e.g. oils, metals, batteries, scrap components etc. This will prevent any reaction between different materials and assist in disposal.

Disposal of waste

Dispose of waste in accordance with the following guidelines:

  • Fuel, hydraulic fluid, anti-freeze and oil: Keep separate and dispose of to specialist contractors.
  • Refrigerant: Collect in specialist equipment and reuse.
  • Detergents: Safe to pour down the foul drain if diluted.
  • Paint, thinners: Keep separate and dispose of to specialist contractor.
  • Components: Return to supplier for refurbishment or disassemble and reuse any suitable parts. Dispose of remainder in ordinary waste.
  • Small parts: Reuse any suitable parts, dispose of the remainder in ordinary waste.
  • Metals: Can be sold if separate from general waste.
  • Tyres: Keep separate and dispose of to specialist contractor. DO NOT attempt to dispose of tyres by burning.
  • Components/materials containing asbestos: Keep separate and dispose of to specialist contractor.
  • Oil and fuel wastes (e.g. rags, used spill kit material): Keep separate and dispose of to specialist contractors.
  • Air filters: Keep separate and dispose of to specialist contractors.
  • Rubber/plastics: Dispose of in ordinary waste.
  • Hoses: Dispose of in ordinary waste.
  • Batteries: Keep separate and dispose of to specialist contractors.
  • Air bags - DANGER EXPLOSIVES: Keep separate and dispose of to specialist contractors.
  • Electrical components: Return to supplier for refurbishment or disassemble and reuse any suitable components. Dispose of remainder in ordinary waste.
  • Catalytic converters: May be sold if kept separate from general waste.
  • Packaging: Compact/recycle as much as possible and dispose of in ordinary waste.
  • Office/paper waste: Recycle paper and toner and ink cartridges, dispose of remainder in ordinary waste.

NOISE

Car alarm testing, panel beating, running engines, using air tools etc. are operations which invariably produce a large amount of noise. The location of such activities and also the time of day must be carefully considered having regard to the proximity of houses schools etc.

Some operations may produce high noise levels which could, in time, damage hearing. In these cases, suitable ear protection must be worn.

SOLDER

Solders are mixtures of metals such that the melting point of the mixture is below that of the constituent metals (normally lead and tin). Solder application does not normally give rise to toxic lead fumes, provided a gas/air flame is used. Oxy-acetylene flames should not be used, as they are much hotter and will cause lead fumes to be produced.

Some fumes may be produced by the application of any flame to surfaces coated with grease, and inhalation of these should be avoided.

Removal of excess solder should be undertaken with care, to make sure that fine lead dust is not produced, which can give toxic effects if inhaled.

Respiratory protection may be necessary.

Solder spillage and filings should be collected and removed promptly to prevent general air contamination by lead.

High standards of personal hygiene are necessary in order to avoid ingestion of lead or inhalation of solder dust from clothing.

SOLVENTS

For example acetone, white spirit, toluene, xylene, trichloroethane.

Used in cleaning and dewaxing materials, paints, plastics, resins and thinners.

Some may be highly flammable or flammable.

Skin contact will degrease the skin and may result in irritation and dermatitis following repeated or prolonged contact. Some can be absorbed through the skin in toxic or harmful quantities.

Splashes in the eye may cause severe irritation and could lead to loss of vision.

Brief exposure of high concentrations of vapors or mists will cause eye and throat irritation, drowsiness, dizziness, headaches and, in the worst circumstances, unconsciousness.

Repeated or prolonged exposure to excessive but lower concentrations of vapors or mists, for which there might not be adequate warning indications, can cause more serious toxic or harmful effects.

Aspiration into the lungs, for example through vomiting, is the most serious consequence of swallowing.

Avoid splashes to the skin, eyes and clothing. Wear protective gloves, goggles and clothing if necessary.

Make sure there is good ventilation when in use, avoid breathing fumes, vapors and spray mists and keep containers tightly sealed. Do not use in confined spaces.

When spraying materials containing solvents, for example paints, adhesives, and metal coatings, use extraction ventilation or personal respiratory protection in the absence of adequate general ventilation.

Do not apply heat or flame except under specific and detailed manufacturers instructions.

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