Land Rover Discovery Owners & Service Manuals

Land Rover Discovery: Pre-test Checks


Road or rolling road testing may be carried out for various reasons and a procedure detailing pre-test checks, through engine starting and stopping, pre-driving checks, on-test checks to final checks on completion of the test are given.

Unless complete vehicle performance is being checked, the full road test procedure need not be carried out. Instead, those items particularly relevant to the system(s) being checked can be extracted.

Pre -test checks


If the brake system hydraulic fluid level is low, pedal travel is excessive or a hydraulic leak is found, do not attempt to road test the vehicle until the reason for the low fluid level, excessive pedal travel or hydraulic leak is found and rectified.

It is suggested that pre-test and functional tests of those systems/circuits which affect the safe and legal operations of the vehicle, such as brakes, lights and steering, should always be carried out before the road or rolling road test.

  • Engine oil level
  • Engine coolant level
  • Tires, for correct pressure, compatible types and tread patterns, and wear within limits.
  • There is sufficient fuel in the tank to complete the test.
  • Check all around the engine, transmission and under the vehicle for oil, coolant, hydraulic and fuel leaks. Make a note of any apparent leaks and wipe off the surrounding areas to make it easier to identify the extent of the leak on completion of the test.



On initial drive away from cold and within the first 1.5 km (1 mile), do not depress accelerator pedal beyond half travel until the vehicle has attained a minimum speed of 25 km/h (15 miles/h). Never operate at high engine speed or with the accelerator pedal at full travel whilst the engine is cold.

With the ignition off, check:

  • The parking brake is applied.
  • Automatic transmission: The selector lever is in 'P' - PARK.
  • Manual transmission: The gear lever is in NEUTRAL.
  • All instrument gauges read zero.

With the ignition on, check:

  • Ignition controlled warning lights come on.
  • Engine temperature gauge registers a reading compatible with the engine temperature.
  • Fuel gauge registers a reading appropriate to the fuel level in the tank.
  • The operation of the parking brake warning light and fluid level warning indicator light.



At commencement of road testing, check the brake operation while still travelling at low speed before continuing with the test. If the brakes pull to one side, or appear to be otherwise faulty, do not continue with the road test until the fault has been found and rectified.

  • The parking brake releases completely.
  • Gear changing is smooth, and there are no abnormal noises or vibrations from the transmission.
  • The engine power output is satisfactory, acceleration is smooth and accelerator pedal operation is not stiff or heavy, and engine speed returns to idle correctly.
  • There is no excessive or abnormally colored smoke from the engine under normal driving, heavy load or overrun conditions.
  • Steering operation is smooth, accurate, not excessively heavy or with excessive free play or vibration. Does not pull to one side and self centres smoothly after cornering.
  • All instruments register the correct readings and operate correctly.
  • Switches and controls operate smoothly and positively, warning or indicator lights operate correctly and the direction indicator control self cancels when the steering is returned to the straight ahead position.
  • Heating and ventilation systems work correctly and effectively.
  • Brakes operate efficiently.


     Brake Testing

    Avoid brake testing on busy roads where it can cause inconvenience or danger to other road users. CAUTION: Brake testing which includes heavy brake applications should not be carried out with new brak

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