Land Rover Discovery Owners & Service Manuals

Land Rover Discovery: Supplementary Restraint System ( SRS ) Precautions

WARNING:

Do not install rear facing child seats in the front passenger seat.

The SRS contains components which are potentially hazardous to service personnel if not handled correctly. The following guidelines and precautions are intended to alert personnel to potential sources of danger and emphasise the importance of ensuring the integrity of the SRS components installed to the vehicle.

WARNING:

The following precautions MUST be adhered to when working on the SRS system:

  • The correct procedures must always be used when working on SRS components.
  • Persons working on the SRS system must be fully trained and have been issued with the safety guidelines.
  • The airbag modules contain extremely flammable and hazardous compounds. Contact with water, acids or heavy metals may produce harmful or explosive results. Do not dismantle, incinerate or bring into contact with electricity before the unit has been deployed.
  • Always replace a seat belt assembly that has withstood the strain of a severe vehicle impact or if the webbing shows signs of fraying.
  • Always disconnect the vehicle battery before carrying out any electric welding on a vehicle installed with an SRS system.

CAUTION:

Do not expose airbag modules or seat belt pre-tensioners to temperatures exceeding 85º C (185º F).

It should be noted that these precautions are not restricted to operations performed when servicing the SRS system. The same care should be exercised when working on ancillary systems and components located in the vicinity of SRS components; these include but are not limited to:

  • Steering wheel airbag, rotary coupler.
  • Passenger front airbag.
  • Side curtain airbag modules - front and rear.
  • Seat belt pre-tensioners.
  • SRS harnesses, link leads and connectors.
  • Side (thorax) air bags.

Making the system safe

Before working on or in the vicinity of SRS components, make sure the system is rendered safe by performing the following operations:

  • Remove the remote control.
  • Disconnect battery, earth lead first.
  • Wait 2 minutes for the SRS power circuit to discharge before commencing work.

NOTE:

The SRS uses energy reserve capacitors to keep the system active in the event of electrical supply failure under crash conditions. It is necessary to allow the capacitors sufficient time to discharge (2 minutes) in order to avoid the risk of accidental deployment.

Installation

In order to make sure system integrity, it is essential that the SRS system is regularly checked and maintained so that it is ready for effective operation in the event of a collision. Carefully inspect SRS components before installation. Do not install a part that shows signs of being dropped or improperly handled, such as dents, cracks or deformation.

WARNING:

The integrity of the SRS systems is critical for safety reasons. Make sure the following precautions are always adhered to:

  • Do not install accessories or other objects to trim panels which cover airbags.
  • Never install used SRS components from another vehicle or attempt to repair an SRS component.
  • When repairing an SRS system, only use genuine new parts.
  • Never apply electrical power to an SRS component unless instructed to do so as part of an approved test procedure.
  • Special fixings are necessary for installing an airbag module - do not use other fixings.
  • Always use new fixings when replacing an SRS component and make sure that all fixings are tightened to the correct torque.

CAUTIONS:

  • Take care not to trap airbag modules when installing interior trim components.
  • Make sure SRS components are not contaminated by oil or grease.

NOTES:

  • Following seat belt pre-tensioner deployment, the seat belts can still be used as conventional seat belts but will need to be replaced as soon as possible to make sure full SRS protection. Do not use the seat belts if the retraction mechanism is not working correctly.
  • If the SRS components are to be replaced, the part number/bar code of the new unit must be recorded.

SRS component testing precautions

The SRS components are triggered using relatively low operating currents, always adhere to the following :

WARNING:

Never use a multimeter or other general purpose equipment on SRS components. Use only Land Rover approved diagnostic equipment to diagnose system faults.

SRS component testing precautions

WARNING:

Do not use electrical test equipment on the SRS harness while it is connected to any of the SRS components, it may cause accidental deployment and injury.

Handling and storage

Always observe the following precautions when handling SRS components:

Handling and storage

  • Never drop an SRS component. The airbag diagnostic control unit is a particularly shock sensitive device and must be handled with extreme care. Airbag modules and seat belt pre-tensioners could deploy if subjected to a strong shock.
  • Never wrap your arms around an airbag module. If a module has to be carried, hold it by the cover with the cover uppermost and the base away from your body.
  • Never transport airbag modules or seat belt pre-tensioners in the passenger compartment of a vehicle. Always transport airbag modules or seat belt pretensioners in their original packaging in the luggage compartment of the vehicle.
  • Never attach anything to an airbag cover or any trim component covering an airbag module. Do not allow anything to rest on top of an airbag module.
  • Always keep components cool, dry and free from contamination.

    Never apply grease or cleaning solvents to seat belt pre-tensioner units, component failure could result.

  • Always store an airbag module with the deployment side uppermost. If it is stored deployment side down, accidental deployment will propel the airbag module with sufficient force to cause serious injury.
  • Keep new airbag modules in their original packaging until just prior to installing. Place the old module in the empty packaging for carriage.

Handling and storage

WARNINGS:

  • When handling a side curtain airbag module, hold by the gas generator housing, DO NOT hold by the airbag. Do not wrap the thumb around the gas generator while holding. Do not drape airbag over shoulder or around neck. For seat buckle type pretensioners, hold by the piston tube, with the open end of the piston tube pointing towards the ground and the buckle facing away from your body. Do not cover the end of the piston tube. DO NOT hold buckle type pre-tensioners by the bracket assembly or cable. Never point the piston tube towards your body or other people.
  • Airbag modules and seat belt pre-tensioners are classed as explosive devices. For overnight and longer term storage, they must be stored in a secure steel cabinet which has been approved as suitable for the purpose and has been registered with the local authority.
  • Store airbag modules or seat belt pre-tensioners in a designated storage area. If there is no designated storage area available, store in the locked luggage compartment of the vehicle and inform the workshop supervisor.

CAUTION:

Improper handling or storage can internally damage the airbag module making it inoperative. If you suspect the airbag module has been damaged, install a new module and refer to the deployment/disposal procedures for disposal of the damaged module.

SRS harness and connectors

Always observe the following precautions with regards to SRS system electrical wiring:

SRS harness and connectors

  • Never attempt to modify, splice or repair SRS wiring.
  • Never install electrical equipment such as a mobile telephone, two-way radio or in-car entertainment system in such a way that it could generate electrical interference in the airbag harness. Seek specialist advice when installing such equipment.

NOTE:

SRS wiring can be identified by a special yellow outer sleeve protecting the wires (black with yellow stripe protective coverings are sometimes used).

SRS harness and connectors

WARNING:

Always make sure SRS wiring is routed correctly. Be careful to avoid trapping or pinching the SRS wiring.

SRS harness and connectors

WARNING:

Do not leave the connectors hanging loose or allow SRS components to hang from their harnesses. Look for possible chafing points.

Side impact crash sensor inspection

After any degree of side body damage, inspect the side impact crash sensors. Replace a crash sensor if there is any sign of damage.

CAUTION:

Take extra care when painting or carrying out bodywork repairs in the vicinity of the crash sensors. Avoid direct exposure of the crash sensors or link harnesses to heat guns, welding or spraying equipment. Take care not to damage sensor or harness when reinstalling components.

Clock spring

CAUTION:

Always follow the procedure for installing and checking the clock spring as instructed in the SRS repairs section. Comply with all safety and installation procedures to make sure the system functions correctly. Observe the following precautions:

  • Do not unlock and rotate the clock spring when it is removed from the vehicle.
  • Do not turn the road wheels when the clock spring is removed from the vehicle.
  • Always make sure the clock spring is removed and installed in its central position and with the front road wheels in the straight ahead position - refer to SRS repair section for the correct removal and installation procedure.
  • If a new clock spring is being installed, make sure the locking tab holding the coupler's rotational position is not broken; units with a broken locking tab must not be used.

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