Land Rover Discovery Owners & Service Manuals

Land Rover Discovery: Brake Hydraulics

Always observe the following recommendations when working on the braking system:


Do not intermix brake fluid of different specifications.

  • Always use two spanners when loosening or tightening brake pipes or hose connections.
  • Make sure that hoses run in a natural curve and are not kinked or twisted.
  • Install brake pipes and hoses securely in their retaining clips and make sure that they cannot contact a potential chafing point.
  • Containers used for brake fluid must be kept absolutely clean.
  • Do not store brake fluid in unsealed containers, the fluid will absorb water which will lower the boiling point of the fluid.
  • Do not allow brake fluid to be contaminated with other fluids such as mineral oil and do not put brake fluid in a container which has previously been used for storing other fluids.
  • Do not reuse brake fluid which has been bled from the system.
  • Always use brake fluid or a suitable brake cleaning fluid to clean hydraulic components.
  • Unless stated otherwise, use only clean brake fluid to lubricate hydraulic seals and components.
  • Always install blanking plugs to hoses, pipes or components immediately after disconnection.
  • Check thread compatibility of original equipment with replacement components.
  • Observe absolute cleanliness when working with hydraulic components.


When removing or installing flexible hydraulic pipes and hoses, make sure that the following procedures are observed to make sure component serviceability:

  • Prior to removal, clean area around hose or pipe end which is to be disconnected.
  • Obtain appropriate blanking plugs or caps before disconnecting hose or pipe end fittings in order that connections can be plugged immediately following disconnection.
  • Always install blanking plugs or caps to pipes and unions immediately following disconnection.
  • Clean hose or pipe and blow through with an air line.


Suitable eye protection must be worn.

  • Check hoses externally for cracks, separation of plies, security of end fittings and external damage; replace faulty hoses.
  • Check pipes for signs of corrosion and chafing, replace as necessary.


If pipes are found to be chafed, rectify clips, mounting points etc., to prevent further problems in service.

  • When installing hoses, make sure that no unnecessary bends are introduced and that hoses are not kinked, twisted or positioned close to potential chafing points.
  • When installing pipes, make sure that pipes are positioned and clipped clear of potential chafing points.
  • Always replace sealing washers installed to banjo bolts, sealing plugs etc, unless stated otherwise in the procedure.
  • Always use a backing spanner when tightening unions and do not overtighten union nuts or banjo bolts.
  • After any work on hydraulic systems, always check for fluid leaks whilst a second operator applies working pressure to the brake pedal or operates the system that has been worked on.

Fuel system hoses

Fuel system hoses

All fuel hoses are made up of two laminations, an armoured rubber outer sleeve and an inner viton core. Whenever a hose is removed, make sure that the inner bore is inspected to check that the viton lining has not become separated from the outer sleeve.


Never attempt to repair fuel hoses or rectify leaking 'quick-fit' connectors the fuel hose and connectors must be replaced as an assembly.

Fuel system hose clips

Fuel system hose clips

Certain fuel system hose clips are of the 'break-off head' type where a slot in the screw head shears off when the clip is tightened to a specific torque.

These clips may be removed using a screwdriver and must be replaced with new clips on reassembly. Clips must be tightened until the portion of the slot shears off. Do not attempt to tighten clips by any other method, do not install any other type of clip.

Cooling system hoses


The following precautions must be observed to make sure that the integrity of the cooling system hoses and their connection to the system is maintained.

Hose orientation and connection

Correct orientation of cooling system hoses is important to make sure that hoses do not become fatigued or damaged through contact with adjacent components.

Hose orientation and connection

Where orientation marks are provided on the hose and corresponding component, the marks must be aligned when the hose is installed. Hoses must be installed fully on to their connection points, usually a moulded form on a pipe provides a positive indicator.

Hose clips

Hose clips

Markings are usually provided on the hose to indicate the correct clip position. If no markings are provided, position the clip directly behind the retaining lip at the end of the stub pipe. Worm drive clips should be orientated with the crimped side of the drive housing facing towards the end of the hose or the hose may become pinched between the clip and the stub pipe retaining lip. Unless otherwise stated, worm drive clips should be tightened to 3 Nm (2 lb-ft). Make sure that hose clips do not foul adjacent components.

Hose clips

Oetiker clips may be removed by bending the tag (arrowed) and releasing the free end of the clip. Clips must not be reused. When installing new clips, make sure clip is positioned on hose before tightening and make sure that when clip is tightened, the tag is located in the longitudinal slot in the free end of the clip (arrowed in illustration).

Heat protection

Always make sure that heatshields and protective sheathing are in good condition; replace if damage is evident. Particular care must be taken when routing hoses close to hot engine components such as the exhaust manifolds and exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) pipes. Hoses will relax and deflect slightly when hot, make sure this movement is taken into account when routing and securing hoses.


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