Land Rover Discovery Owners & Service Manuals

Land Rover Discovery: Manual Transmission Transaxle / Description and Operation

Land Rover Discovery (2009–2016) Service Manual / Powertrain / Manual Transmission Transaxle and Clutch / Manual Transmission Transaxle / Description and Operation

COMPONENT LOCATION

Manual Transmission Transaxle / Description and Operation

  1. Selector lever assembly
  2. Manual transmission

OVERVIEW

The ME66EH50 manual transmission is a 6 speed unit. The transmission is a highly compact 4 shaft design, incorporating the front final drive gear. The transmission is capable of transferring high torque from the engine to the driveline.

The transmission features two mechanical shift cables from the selector lever and lift latch reverse inhibitor.

The ME66EH50 manual transmission has the following features:

  • 430 Nm torque capacity (with torque truncation in 1st, 2nd and reverse gears)
  • Dry weight 56.1 kg All Wheel Drive (AWD) and 55.4 kg Front Wheel Drive (FWD)
  • Transmission oil is fill for life
  • Front differential integral with transmission
  • 6 forward gears
  • 4th to 6th gears and reverse gear have single cone synchronization
  • 3rd gear is double cone synchronized
  • 1st and 2nd gears have triple cone synchronization.

The clutch system used is a conventional type, with a single stage damped driven plate and a diaphragm spring clutch cover assembly. The clutch is hydraulically operated by depression of the clutch pedal which disengages the drive from the engine crankshaft to the transmission.

COMPONENT DESCRIPTION

For shift cable and selector lever description refer to External Controls.

For additional information, refer to: External Controls (308-06 Manual Transmission/Transaxle External Controls, Description and Operation).

Manual Transmission Transaxle / Description and Operation

  1. 1st gear detection switch
  2. Reverse detection switch
  3. Ball limiter
  4. Lateral lever
  5. Longitudinal lever
  6. Cable retaining bracket
  7. Oil drain plug
  8. Transmission Casing
  9. Ball limiter for gear selector
  10. Neutral gear sensor
  11. Hydraulic clutch bleed adaptor
  12. Clutch slave cylinder
  13. Input shaft
  14. Clutch housing
  15. Differential output and Power Transfer Unit (PTU) input (right side) - Feature for AWD variants only

Shift Control Mechanism

Shift Control Mechanism

  1. Shift control mechanism
  2. Ball limiter 5th - 6th gate control
  3. Gearshift gate
  4. In gear control flange
  5. Gear shift gate pin
  6. Lower gear selector
  7. Gear selector rod
  8. Upper gear selector
  9. Spring
  10. Longitudinal lever
  11. Spring
  12. Lateral lever
  13. Catch plate
  14. Carrier plate
  15. Ball limiter for gear selector

The transmission is operated by two shift cables which are attached to the selector lever. Movement of the selector lever is passed via the cables to two lever mechanisms on the top of the transmission. The levers operate a shift control mechanism within the transmission to select the requested gear ratio.

The shift control mechanism is located at the front of the transmission and transfers the shift cable movement into gear selections.

The shift control mechanism is a one-piece assembly which is retained in the transmission housing with 4 bolts. The shift control mechanism moves the upper and lower gear selector forks via the lateral and longitudinal levers on the top of the shift control mechanism. There are 2 upper selector forks and 2 lower selector forks as follows:

  • The 2 upper gear selector forks are used to engage reverse, 1st or 2nd gears
  • The 2 lower gear selector forks are used to engage 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th gears.

The 4 selector forks transfer movement from the shift control mechanism to the relevant shift coupling sleeve. The shift forks are mounted on rail bearings in the transmission case.

Two carrier plates transfer torque from the longitudinal lever to the sliding gear selectors. The carriers are located and run in a groove in the gear selector plate.

The carrier plates can move vertically between 4 positions. The different gears are selected from one of the 4 positions as follows:

  • Uppermost position - gear selector selects reverse gear
  • Second uppermost position - gear selector selects 1st and 2nd gears
  • Second lowest position - gear selector selects 5th and 6th gears
  • Lowest position - gear selector selects 3rd and 4th gears.

The shift control mechanism has two springs that return the selector lever to the neutral position.

Shift Control Mechanism

The above illustration shows the coupling sleeves for each gear cluster.

Movement of these sleeves as selected by the shift control mechanism, connect the required gear trains together to produce the required output ratio.

The coupling sleeve is part of the synchronizing hub assembly which also consists of a flange and the hub. Each synchronizing hub is joined to its shaft by splines and rotates with it. Idler wheels are fitted on both sides of each synchronizing hub. The idler wheels rotate freely on the shaft (with the exception of reverse gear). Each idler wheel is constantly engaged in its pinion. The synchronizing set is positioned between the synchronizing hub and the idler wheel.

The synchronizing units are positioned on the shafts in the transmission as follows:

  • The synchronizing unit for 1st - 2nd gear is on the intermediate shaft 1st - 2nd, 5th - 6th
  • The synchronizing unit for 3rd - 4th gear is on the intermediate shaft 3rd - 4th
  • The synchronizing unit for 5th-6th gear is on the input shaft
  • The synchronizing unit for reverse gear is on the reverse shaft.

The synchronizing rings expand when heated by the same amount as the components they are in contact with. As a result no safety margin is required to counter expansion. The idler wheels for single and double synchronization have no cones. An inner ring on the synchronizer unit performs this function instead.

SYSTEM OPERATION

TRANSMISSION GEAR CLUSTER

TRANSMISSION GEAR CLUSTER

  1. Input shaft
  2. Intermediate shaft 1st to 2nd, 5th to 6th
  3. Intermediate shaft 3rd to 4th
  4. Reverse shaft
  1. Reverse final gear
  2. Reverse idler gear
  3. Reverse gear coupling sleeve
  4. Final gear - differential
  5. 2nd gear - idle gear
  6. 5th gear
  7. 6th gear
  8. 6th gear - idle gear
  9. 5th to 6th gear coupling sleeve
  10. 4th gear - idle gear
  11. 5th gear - idle gear
  12. 3rd to 4th gear coupling sleeve
  13. 4th gear
  14. 2nd gear path
  15. 1st gear path
  16. 3rd gear - idle gear
  17. 3rd to 4th final gear pinion
  18. 3rd gear
  19. 1st to 2nd gear coupling sleeve
  20. 1st to 2nd and 5th to 6th final gear pinion
  21. 1st gear - idle gear

The gear wheels are located on four shafts, as follows:

  • Input shaft
  • Intermediate shaft 1-2, 5-6
  • Intermediate shaft 3-4
  • Reverse shaft.

In order to keep the shafts short, the clutch gears are welded directly to the idler wheel and needle bearings with inner rings are used instead of snap rings. The inner rings sit on the shaft inside the idler gears and extend lengthwise outside each idler gear. When the components on the shafts are pulled together the inner rings counterhold, so that the idler wheels have the clearance that they require to rotate. The components of the input shafts are pulled together with a bolt located in the end of the shaft.

Components of intermediate shaft 3rd -4th are held together with a press joint and a bolt located in the end of the shaft. The components of intermediate shaft 1st -2nd, 5th -6th are held together with the press joint of the 5th and 6th gear pinion.

1ST GEAR POWER FLOW

1ST GEAR POWER FLOW

  1. Input shaft
  2. Intermediate shaft 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th

4. Ring gear

15. 1st gear

  1. 1st - 2nd gear coupling sleeve
  2. Final drive 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th
  3. 1st gear idler gear

When 1st gear is selected, the coupling sleeve for 1st - 2nd gear is moved by a gear selector fork along the synchronizing hub towards the 1st gear idler gear. The coupling sleeve and the synchronizing hub lock the 1st gear idler gear at the intermediate shaft 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th.

Engine torque is transferred to the input shaft via the clutch. The 1st gear rack on the input shaft transfers the power to the 1st gear idler gear. From there the power is transferred to the intermediate shaft 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th and to the final drive, which in turn transfers power to the ring gear. The ring gear is connected to the drive shafts through the differential.

2ND GEAR POWER FLOW

2ND GEAR POWER FLOW

  1. Input shaft
  2. Intermediate shaft 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th
  1. Ring gear
  2. 2nd gear idler gear

14. 2nd gear

  1. 1st - 2nd gear coupling sleeve
  2. Final drive 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th

When 2nd gear is selected, the coupling sleeve for 1st - 2nd gear is moved by a gear selector fork along the synchronizing hub towards the 2nd gear idler gear. The coupling sleeve and the synchronizing hub lock the 2nd gear idler gear at the intermediate shaft 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th.

Engine torque is transferred to the input shaft via the clutch. The 2nd gear rack on the input shaft transfers the power to the 2nd gear idler gear. From there the power is transferred to the intermediate shaft 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th and to the final drive, which in turn transfers power to the ring gear. The ring gear is connected to the drive shafts through the differential.

3RD GEAR POWER FLOW

3RD GEAR POWER FLOW

  1. Input shaft
  1. Intermediate shaft 3rd - 4th

4. Ring gear

12. 3rd - 4th gear coupling sleeve

  1. 3rd gear idler gear
  2. Final drive 3rd - 4th
  3. 3rd gear

When 3rd gear is selected, the coupling sleeve for 3rd - 4th gear is moved by a gear selector fork along the synchronizing hub towards the 3rd gear idler gear. The coupling sleeve and the synchronizing hub lock the 3rd gear idler gear at the intermediate shaft 3rd - 4th.

Engine torque is transferred to the input shaft via the clutch. The 3rd gear rack on the input shaft transfers the power to the 3rd gear idler gear. From there the power is transferred to the intermediate shaft 3rd - 4th and to the final drive, which in turn transfers power to the ring gear. The ring gear is connected to the drive shafts through the differential.

4TH GEAR POWER FLOW

4TH GEAR POWER FLOW

  1. Input shaft
  1. Intermediate shaft 3rd - 4th

4. Ring gear

10. 4th gear idler gear

12. 3rd - 4th gear coupling sleeve

13. 4th gear

17. Final drive 3rd - 4th

When 4th gear is selected, the coupling sleeve for 3rd - 4th gear is moved by a gear selector fork along the synchronizing hub towards the 4th gear idler gear. The coupling sleeve and the synchronizing hub lock the 4th gear idler gear at the intermediate shaft 3rd - 4th.

Engine torque is transferred to the input shaft via the clutch. The 4th gear rack on the input shaft transfers the power to the 4th gear idler gear. From there the power is transferred to the intermediate shaft 3rd - 4th and to the final drive, which in turn transfers power to the ring gear. The ring gear is connected to the drive shafts through the differential.

5TH GEAR POWER FLOW

5TH GEAR POWER FLOW

  1. Input shaft
  2. Intermediate shaft 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th

4. Ring gear

6. 5th gear

9. 5th - 6th gear coupling sleeve

11. 5th gear idler gear

20. Final drive 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th

When 5th gear is selected, the coupling sleeve for 5th - 6th gear is moved by a gear selector fork along the synchronizing hub towards the 5th gear idler gear. The coupling sleeve and the synchronizing hub lock the 5th gear idler gear at the input shaft.

Engine torque is transferred to the input shaft via the clutch. The 5th - 6th coupling sleeve and 5th gear idler gear located on the input shaft, transfer the power to the 5th gear. From there the power is transferred to the intermediate shaft 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th and to the final drive, which in turn transfers power to the ring gear. The ring gear is connected to the drive shafts through the differential.

6TH GEAR POWER FLOW

6TH GEAR POWER FLOW

  1. Input shaft
  2. Intermediate shaft 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th

4. Ring gear

7. 6th gear

8. 6th gear idler gear

9. 5th - 6th gear coupling sleeve

20. Final drive 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th

When 6th gear is selected, the coupling sleeve for 5th - 6th gear is moved by a gear selector fork along the synchronizing hub towards the 6th gear idler gear. The coupling sleeve and the synchronizing hub lock the 6th gear idler gear at the input shaft.

Engine torque is transferred to the input shaft via the clutch. The 5th - 6th coupling sleeve and 6th gear idler gear located on the input shaft, transfer the power to the 6th gear. From there the power is transferred to the intermediate shaft 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th and to the final drive, which in turn transfers power to the ring gear. The ring gear is connected to the drive shafts through the differential.

REVERSE GEAR POWER FLOW

REVERSE GEAR POWER FLOW

  1. Input shaft
  2. Intermediate shaft 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th
  1. Reverse shaft
  1. Final drive for reverse gear
  2. Reverse gear idler gear
  3. Reverse gear coupling sleeve
  4. Ring gear
  1. 1st gear
  1. 1st gear idler gear

When reverse gear is selected, the coupling sleeve for reverse gear is moved by a gear selector fork along the synchronizing hub towards the reverse gear idler gear.

The coupling sleeve and synchronizing hub lock the reverse gear idler gear at the reverse shaft.

The torque of the engine is transferred via the clutch to the input shaft. The 1st gear on the input shaft transfers power to the 1st gear idler gear. The power is then transferred to the reverse gear idler gear and then to the reverse gear coupling sleeve. From there power is transferred to the intermediate shaft 1st - 2nd and 5th - 6th and to the final drive which in turn transfers power to the ring gear. The ring gear is connected to the drive shafts through the differential.

DIFFERENTIAL

The differential distributes drive from the transmission equally between the left and right front half shafts.

The differential is located at the rear of the transmission housing. Both sides of the differential are connected to the left and right drive shafts, supplying torque to the front wheels.

REVERSE SWITCH

The reverse switch is located in the front of the transmission casing, above the 1st gear position switch. The switch is used for reversing lamp operation.

1ST GEAR POSITION SWITCH

The 1st gear switch is located on the front of the transmission casing, below the reverse switch. It is used for hill descent control and the vehicle electronic park brake release strategy.

NEUTRAL GEAR SENSOR

A permanent magnet, contact -less displacement sensor is located on the exterior of the transmission casing and hardwired to the ECM (engine control module). The sensor's function is to detect that neutral gear has been selected within a calibrated window.

For additional information, refer to: Starting System (303-06A Starting System - TD4 2.2L Diesel, Description and Operation).

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