Land Rover Discovery Owners & Service Manuals

Land Rover Discovery: Diagnosis and Testing Speakers

PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION

For a detailed description and operation of the information and entertainment system, refer to the relevant description and operation section of the workshop manual.

INSPECTION AND VERIFICATION

CAUTION:

Diagnosis by substitution from a donor vehicle is NOT acceptable.

Substitution of control modules does not guarantee confirmation of a fault and may also cause additional faults in the vehicle being checked and/or the donor vehicle.

NOTES:

  • If the control module or a component is suspect and the vehicle remains under manufacturer warranty, refer to the Warranty Policy and Procedures manual, or determine if any prior approval programme is in operation, prior to the installation of a new module/component.
  • When performing voltage or resistance tests, always use a digital multimeter accurate to three decimal places, and with an up-todate calibration certificate. When testing resistance always take the resistance of the digital multimeter leads into account.
  • All diagnostic equipment should comply with local legislation.

    Relevant diagnostic equipment should be regularly checked and calibrated according to the manufacturer's instructions.

  • The workshop should be equipped with a full range of general equipment which is to be kept in good order and available to all suitably trained staff.
  • Diagnostic equipment must meet the JLR Minimum Standards for general equipment as outlined in TOPIx.
  • Check and rectify basic faults before beginning diagnostic routines involving pinpoint tests.
  1. Verify the customer concern
  2. Visually inspect for obvious signs of damage and system integrity

Visual Inspection

Visual Inspection

Visual Inspection

  1. If an obvious cause for an observed or reported concern is found, correct the cause (if possible) before proceeding to the next step
  2. If the cause is not visually evident, verify the symptom and refer to the Symptom Chart, alternatively check for Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) and refer to the DTC Index
  3. Check DDW for open campaigns. Refer to the corresponding bulletins and SSMs which may be valid for the specific customer complaint and carry out the recommendations as required

SPEAKER DIAGNOSTICS

The symptom chart below should be used when diagnosing speaker faults and must be worked through prior to replacing any speakers

SPEAKER DIAGNOSTICS

SPEAKER DIAGNOSTICS

SPEAKER DIAGNOSTICS

REPORTED SYMPTOM:

Speaker Buzz

SYMPTOM DESCRIPTION:

  • Periodic high frequency sound (sounds like an insect buzzing)

POTENTIAL CAUSES (FOR GUIDANCE ONLY):

  • Resonance in a trim component, e.g. NVH (noise, vibration and harshness) insulating cloth against speaker grill mesh
  • Lack of retention of interior and exterior trim panels
  • Loose harness/harness clips
  • Labels vibrating against trim/nearby components
  • Nearby modules  vibrating against trim/BIW
  • Mechanical failure of internal speaker component

REPORTED SYMPTOM:

Speaker Rattle

SYMPTOM DESCRIPTION:

  • Sounds like loose components rattling around in / near the speaker

POTENTIAL CAUSES (FOR GUIDANCE ONLY):

  • Loose trim
  • Loose items in or around speaker
  • Loose fixings
  • Debris inside speaker
  • Loose harness

REPORTED SYMPTOM:

Speaker Hiss / Static

SYMPTOM DESCRIPTION:

  • Wideband noise (White Noise) / interference (such as experienced from a poorly tuned radio signal)

POTENTIAL CAUSES (FOR GUIDANCE ONLY):

  • Loose connection at speaker
  • Loose connection at amplifier
  • Loose connection at audio head unit
  • Non JLR-approved equipment installed (e.g. USB cables)
  • Damage to harness connected to the speaker
  • Audio amplifier fault
  • Audio head unit fault

REPORTED SYMPTOM:

Speaker Crackle

SYMPTOM DESCRIPTION:

  • Electrical crackling noise (such as from a loose electrical connection)
  • A rapid succession of short sharp noises
  • Electrical interference

POTENTIAL CAUSES (FOR GUIDANCE ONLY):

  • Loose connection at speaker
  • Loose connection at amplifier
  • Loose connection at audio head unit
  • Non JLR-approved equipment installed (e.g. USB cables)
  • Damage to harness connected to the speaker
  • Audio amplifier fault
  • Audio head unit fault
  • Internal electrical issue in speaker

REPORTED SYMPTOM:

Speaker Distorted

SYMPTOM DESCRIPTION:

  • No significant extraneous noise, but audio reproduction is not as expected e.g. is not clean sounding

POTENTIAL CAUSES (FOR GUIDANCE ONLY):

  • Loose trim
  • Non JLR-approved equipment installed (e.g. USB cables)
  • Resonance in a trim component, e.g. NVH (noise, vibration and harshness) insulating cloth against speaker grill mesh
  • Lack of retention of interior and exterior trim panels, nearby harnesses/components
  • Mechanical failure of internal speaker component

RECOMMENDED ACTION

  1. Replicate fault and confirm audio source(s) affected: DAB/CD/Bluetooth via phone/USB via phone/USB via iPod/AM/FM radio
  2. If fault is specific to one source, audio source must be investigated further as a speaker failure in this instance is less likely, e.g.

    if issue is only seen on DAB, check DAB module is fully functioning correctly and software is up to date

  3. Confirm if issue is heard on stereo and/or surround sound settings
  4. Isolate the customer symptom to specific vehicle area using balance and fade audio settings.

    Check for any loose objects in the area, e.g.

    pens, keys, coins, etc

  5. Check for any previous work carried out in this area by referring to DDW to help in diagnosing the issue
  6. Check SDD/Topix for any audio related SSM/TSB and software updates. Carry out service updates as required.

    Retest to confirm if issue is resolved

  7. Apply pressure by hand to door/trim panel and nearby modules (i.e.

    switchpacks) to confirm if there is a change in symptom sound

  8. If issue is still present, or condition changes by applying pressure to the trim, remove internal trim and apply gentle pressure to components within the door to see if sound changes. This will also allow access to relevant speaker
  9. If symptom condition is unchanged by applying pressure to the trim, examine trim to find source of audio issue and fix as appropriate using Squeaks and Rattle kit LTB00389. If audio issue is still present then move to step 10
  10. Check around front face of speaker for any loose items that may be touching the speaker, e.g.

    debris, loose fixings, etc

  11. Check all speaker fixing screws are secure and correctly torqued, refer to workshop manual for correct torque figures
  12. Check harness assembly is not vibrating against speaker unit or nearby trim/components and that it is clipped and routed correctly
  13. Check harness assembly is not trapped or impeding the speaker unit and rectify as required
  14. Check harness assembly connections are fully inserted and secured to speaker and amplifier.

    Also check harnesses are securely connected to nearby components

  15. Check for harness damage and repair/replace as required
  16. If a gasket is present on speaker, without removing the speaker visually check it is correctly seated against speaker surface and not noticeably damaged
  17. If audio issue is still present, remove speaker from mountings, retest speaker in hand to see if the fault is still present
  18. Check for debris in speaker and remove.

    Retest speaker in hand

  19. Check for damage to speaker and replace speaker if damage is present
  20. Connect new speaker to harness, check new speaker in hand to ensure fault has been rectified. If issue has been resolved, reassemble trim with new trim retention clips
  21. Check if audio issue is still present. If issue has been resolved, reassemble trim and retest. If issue is still present, contact JLR Dealer Technical Support following the guidelines in the policy and procedures manual

PINPOINT TESTS FOR SUSPECTED SPEAKER FAULTS

NOTE:

See separate Pinpoint Tests (below) for sub-woofer faults

PINPOINT TESTS FOR SUSPECTED SPEAKER FAULTS

PINPOINT TESTS FOR SUSPECTED SPEAKER FAULTS

PINPOINT TESTS FOR SUSPECTED SPEAKER FAULTS

PINPOINT TESTS FOR SUSPECTED SPEAKER FAULTS

Pinpoint Tests For Suspected Sub-Woofer Faults

NOTE:

See separate Pinpoint Tests (above) for other speaker faults

Pinpoint Tests For Suspected Sub-Woofer Faults

Pinpoint Tests For Suspected Sub-Woofer Faults

Pinpoint Tests For Suspected Sub-Woofer Faults

Pinpoint Tests For Suspected Sub-Woofer Faults

DTC INDEX

For a list of Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) that could be logged on this vehicle, please refer to Section 100-00.

    READ NEXT:

     Diagnosis and Testing Telematics

    The complexities of the electronics involved with the telematics system, of which the GPS antenna and navigation display are parts, and the multiplexed communication network which are connected to it

     Front Door Speaker (G1785139) / Removal and Installation

    REMOVAL NOTES: Removal steps in this procedure may contain installation details. RH illustration shown, LH is similar. Refer to: Front Door Trim Panel (501-05 Interior Trim and Ornamentation, Remo

     General Information Incontrol Touch Software Update

    ACTIVATION NOTES: The following must be adhered to when updating the software level of the InControl Touch Audio Head Unit (AHU). When attempting to update the software level on the InControl Tou

    SEE MORE:

     Clutch System Bleeding (G1353044) / General Procedures

    GENERAL EQUIPMENT Brake/clutch system pressure bleeder/filler WARNING: Do not allow dirt or foreign liquids to enter the reservoir. Use only new brake fluid of the correct specification from airtight containers. Do not mix brands of brake fluid as they may not be compatible. CAUTIONS: Make sure

     Rear end Sheet Metal Repairs Rear Bumper Mounting Upper (G1780738) / Removal and Installation

    REMOVAL NOTE: The rear bumper mounting upper is installed in conjunction with: Rear bumper cover Rear bumper Rear lamp assembly Rear lamp panel outer Back panel outer The rear bumper mounting upper is serviced as indicated. Before commencing this procedure make sure that you are aware of

    © 2019-2024 Copyright www.lrdisc.com